When bacteria cause inflammation of the gums it is called “gingivitis”. The gums are usually red, swollen and can bleed easily. Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that can usually be treated with daily brushing, flossing and regular cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist.
However, when gingivitis is not treated it can progress to “periodontitis” which means inflammation around the tooth. The gums may pull away from the teeth and form “pockets” that become infected. The body's natural response is to fight the bacterial infection as it spreads below the gum line. The combination of the bacterial toxins and the body's enzymes fighting the infection start to break down the bone and connective tissue that support the teeth. Over time the tooth support is destroyed and may lead to the teeth becoming loose, or lost altogether.
The good news is that gum disease can be treated and the progression of the disease can be halted. So if you have bad breath that won’t go away, or red and swollen gums that bleed when you brush, don’t ignore it – make an appointment to see us at Adelaide dental by design.